Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the bone joint that connects your upper and lower jaw in front of the ears.

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a problem affecting the 'chewing' muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull.

The condition is sometimes refered to as "myofascial pain disorder".

While a dentist needs to perform an examination to diagnose TMJ disorder, there are some signs and symptoms that can prompt you to book an appointment.

Signs & Symptoms

  • clicking or popping sound when opening or closing the mouth
  • muscle pain around the jaw
  • pain in front of the ear that may spread to the cheek, ear and temple
  • difficulty opening the mouth – the jaw may feel tight, as if it is stuck, making eating difficult
  • headache or migraine
  • earache or a "buzzing" or blocked sensation in the ear
  • pain in other areas of the body – such as neckache or backache